Current Research/Resources: An Examination of Frameworks for Social and Emotional Learning (SEL) Reflected in State K–12 Learning Standards

This brief, published by the Collaborative for Academic, Social, and Emotional Learning (CASEL), offers guidance to state policymakers for selecting a framework that supports the implementation of high-quality social and emotional learning (SEL) programs, practices, and assessment tools. The authors review how each state’s K–12 learning standards are aligned with the CASEL framework. To conduct their review, the authors examined (a) how SEL is defined in each state, (b) the alignment between CASEL’s SEL framework and states’ learning standards in terms of developmental benchmarks and equity, (c) how connections are made to other priorities and approaches, and (d) state resources designed to support SEL implementation in districts and schools.

The authors found that 10 out of 14 states use the CASEL 5 Core Competencies framework to define SEL. The CASEL 5 Core Competencies are as follows:

  • Self-awareness
  • Social awareness
  • Responsible decision-making
  • Self-management
  • Relationship skills

A description of the alignment between the CASEL 5 Core Competencies and states’ learning standards can be found in Appendix B.

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College- and Career-Readiness Standards & Assessment E-Newsletter